Bohmian Quantum Cosmology


Pinto-Neto, N. (2009). Bohmian Quantum Cosmology. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/09090090


Pinto-Neto, Nelson. Bohmian Quantum Cosmology. Perimeter Institute, Sep. 29, 2009, https://pirsa.org/09090090


          @misc{ pirsa_09090090,
            doi = {},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/09090090},
            author = {Pinto-Neto, Nelson},
            keywords = {Quantum Foundations},
            language = {en},
            title = {Bohmian Quantum Cosmology},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2009},
            month = {sep},
            note = {PIRSA:09090090 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}


Quantum cosmology is the arena where the interpretations of quantum mechanics are pushed to their limits. For instance, the Copenhaguen interpretation cannot even be applied to this framework. With this in mind, I will describe the main results which emerge from the application of the Bohm-de Broglie interpretation to quantum cosmology, not only for an investigation of the later, but also to get a better understanding of the former in comparison with other interpretations. At first, without imposing any spacetime symmetry from the beginning, we show explicitly the breakdown of spacetime into space and time due to quantum effects, and an investigation of these latter structures within the Bohm-de Broglie picture. Afterwards, in the case of minisuperspace quantum cosmology, I will present how the notions of an evolution time parameter, cosmological singularities, and classical limit can be unambiguously defined. Cosmological non singular quantum bouncing solutions emerge, which are naturally led to th e standard cosmological model evolution before nucleosynthesis: large classical universes can be obtained without any traditional primordial inflationary expansion. A theory of quantum cosmological perturbations on these backgrounds is constructed, and almost scale invariant spectra are obtained. I argue about the possibility of testing these models against inflation. Use of the Bohm interpretation is crucial to obtain these results, which are otherwise unclear within other interpretations. Finally, I show potential discrepant results about the avoidance of cosmological singularities when different interpretations of quantum mechanics are used, and I speculate about constructing analog models where such differences could be tested.