PIRSA:13120033

Topological defects of tetratic liquid-crystal order on a soft spherical surface

APA

Li, Y. (2013). Topological defects of tetratic liquid-crystal order on a soft spherical surface. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/13120033

MLA

Li, Yao. Topological defects of tetratic liquid-crystal order on a soft spherical surface. Perimeter Institute, Dec. 05, 2013, https://pirsa.org/13120033

BibTex

          @misc{ pirsa_13120033,
            doi = {},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/13120033},
            author = {Li, Yao},
            keywords = {},
            language = {en},
            title = {Topological defects of tetratic liquid-crystal order on a soft spherical surface},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2013},
            month = {dec},
            note = {PIRSA:13120033 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}
          }
          

Yao Li Tsinghua University

Abstract

We model the orientational and positional order of tetratically shaped molecules each having four-fold structural symmetryconfined on a spherical surface. Our Monte Carlo simulation shows that at a high molecular density a tetratic orientational orderdevelops in the system accompanied by eight disclinations arranged in an anticube form on the hard spherical surface. We alsoconsider an elastic-energy model which consists of both Helfrich and Frank energies for a soft surface; the solution confirms theMonte Carlo study and further predicts the tetratic morphology that can be realized on the surface of a soft vesicle. Assumingthat the induced interaction between these disclinations are repulsive we demonstrate that the anticube structure has a lower freeenergy than for example the cubic structure.