The distillation of quantum resources such as entanglement and coherence forms one of the most fundamental protocols in quantum information and is of outstanding operational significance, but it is often characterized in the idealized asymptotic limit where an unbounded number of independent and identically distributed copies of a quantum system are available. Physical considerations necessarily limit the number of copies available as well as restrict our ability to perform coherent state manipulations over a large numbers of systems, which makes it crucial to be able to characterize how well we can distill resources in realistic, non-asymptotic settings.
We introduce a framework for the non-asymptotic characterization of two related operational tasks, the distillation as well as environment-assisted distillation of quantum coherence. We establish a complete description of the achievable rates of distillation in the one-shot setting under several different classes of free operations, which we show to correspond to the optimization of smoothed entropic quantities as semidefinite programs. We introduce a class of coherence measures which quantify the best achievable fidelity of distillation, and use them to obtain an explicit analytical characterization of coherence distillation for all pure states. Further, we provide insight into the distillation of entanglement, revealing new operational similarities and differences between the resource theories of coherence and entanglement.
This talk is based on joint work with Kun Fang, Xin Wang, and Gerardo Adesso (arxiv:1711.10512) as well as with Ludovico Lami and Alexander Streltsov (in preparation).
- Quantum Foundations
- Scientific Series