Firewalls vs. Scrambling


Yoshida, B. (2019). Firewalls vs. Scrambling. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/19040099


Yoshida, Beni. Firewalls vs. Scrambling. Perimeter Institute, Apr. 23, 2019, https://pirsa.org/19040099


          @misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:19040099,
            doi = {10.48660/19040099},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/19040099},
            author = {Yoshida, Beni},
            keywords = {Condensed Matter},
            language = {en},
            title = {Firewalls vs. Scrambling},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2019},
            month = {apr},
            note = {PIRSA:19040099 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}

Beni Yoshida Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics


Recently we pointed out that the black hole interior operators can be reconstructed by using the Hayden-Preskill recovery protocols. Building on this observation, we propose a resolution of the firewall problem by presenting a state-independent reconstruction of interior operators. Our construction avoids the non-locality problem which plagued the "A=RB" or "ER=EPR" proposals. We show that the gravitational backreaction by the infalling observer, who simply falls into a black hole, disentangles the outgoing mode from the early radiation. The infalling observer crosses the horizon smoothly and sees quantum entanglement between the outgoing mode and the interior mode which is distinct from the originally entangled qubit. Namely, any quantum operation on the early radiation cannot influence the experience of the infalling observer as description of the interior mode does not involve the early radiation at all. We also argue that verification of entanglement by the outside observer does not create a firewall. Instead it will perform the Hayden-Preskill recovery which saves an infalling observer from crossing the horizon.