# Approaches to Scattering in Quantum Gravity and Gauge Theory from Symmetry

### APA

Pate, M. (2021). Approaches to Scattering in Quantum Gravity and Gauge Theory from Symmetry. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/21020005

### MLA

Pate, Monica. Approaches to Scattering in Quantum Gravity and Gauge Theory from Symmetry. Perimeter Institute, Feb. 17, 2021, https://pirsa.org/21020005

### BibTex

@misc{ pirsa_21020005, doi = {10.48660/21020005}, url = {https://pirsa.org/21020005}, author = {Pate, Monica}, keywords = {Other}, language = {en}, title = {Approaches to Scattering in Quantum Gravity and Gauge Theory from Symmetry}, publisher = {Perimeter Institute}, year = {2021}, month = {feb}, note = {PIRSA:21020005 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}} }

Monica Pate Harvard University

## Abstract

The problem of quantum gravity -- i.e. to determine the microscopic structure underlying quantum mechanical theories that reproduce general relativity at long distances -- is a major outstanding problem in modern physics. Solving the quantum gravitational scattering problem is one sharp way to address this question. While in principle effective field theory (EFT) provides a systematic framework for solving scattering problems, in quantum gravity the complete answer requires an infinite number of measurements and thereby fails to predict details of the microscopic structure.

I will present two developments that provide new insight into the gravitational scattering problem. The first is a class of infinite-dimensional symmetries generically found to arise in gauge and gravitational scattering. The infinite number of constraints implied by the symmetries are equivalent to quantum field theoretic soft theorems, which prescribe the pattern of soft radiation produced during a scattering event. The second development is a reformulation of the gravitational scattering problem in which Lorentz symmetry is rendered manifest and realized as the action of the global conformal group in two dimensions. This reformulation, which involves scattering particles of definite boost weight as opposed to energy, offers a new approach precisely because it does not admit the decoupling of low and high-energy physics that underpins the traditional EFT approach. I will describe new perspectives ensuing from these developments on various properties of the gravitational scattering problem, including collinear limits, infrared divergences and universal behavior associated to black hole formation.