Detecting nonclassicality in restricted general probabilistic theories


Leppajarvi, L. (2022). Detecting nonclassicality in restricted general probabilistic theories. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/22010094


Leppajarvi, Leevi. Detecting nonclassicality in restricted general probabilistic theories. Perimeter Institute, Jan. 27, 2022, https://pirsa.org/22010094


          @misc{ pirsa_22010094,
            doi = {},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/22010094},
            author = {Leppajarvi, Leevi},
            keywords = {Quantum Foundations},
            language = {en},
            title = {Detecting nonclassicality in restricted general probabilistic theories},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2022},
            month = {jan},
            note = {PIRSA:22010094 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}


The formalism of general probabilistic theories provides a universal paradigm that is suitable for describing various physical systems including classical and quantum ones as particular cases. Contrary to the often assumed no-restriction hypothesis, the set of accessible measurements within a given theory can be limited for different reasons, and this raises a question of what restrictions on measurements are operationally relevant. We argue that all operational restrictions must be closed under simulation, where the simulation scheme involves mixing and classical post-processing of measurements. We distinguish three classes of such operational restrictions: restrictions on measurements originating from restrictions on effects; restrictions on measurements that do not restrict the set of effects in any way; and all other restrictions. As a setting to detect nonclassicality in restricted theories we consider generalizations of random access codes, an intriguing class of communication tasks that reveal an operational and quantitative difference between classical and quantum information processing. We formulate a natural generalization of them, called random access tests, which can be used to examine collective properties of collections of measurements. We show that the violation of a classical bound in a random access test is a signature of either measurement incompatibility or super information storability, and that we can use them to detect differences in different restrictions.