Fractionalized fermionic quantum criticality


Janssen, L. (2022). Fractionalized fermionic quantum criticality. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/22050047


Janssen, Lukas. Fractionalized fermionic quantum criticality. Perimeter Institute, May. 19, 2022, https://pirsa.org/22050047


          @misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:22050047,
            doi = {10.48660/22050047},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/22050047},
            author = {Janssen, Lukas},
            keywords = {Condensed Matter},
            language = {en},
            title = {Fractionalized fermionic quantum criticality},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2022},
            month = {may},
            note = {PIRSA:22050047 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}

Lukas Janssen Technische Universität Dresden


In frustrated magnets, novel phases characterized by fractionalized excitations and emergent gauge fields can occur. A paradigmatic example is given by the Kitaev model of localized spins 1/2 on the honeycomb lattice, which realizes an exactly solvable quantum spin liquid ground state with Majorana fermions as low-energy excitations. I will demonstrate that the Kitaev solution can be generalized to systems with spin and orbital degrees of freedom. The phase diagrams of these Kitaev-Kugel-Khomskii spin-orbital magnets feature a variety of novel phases, including different types of quantum liquids, as well as conventional and unconventional long-range-ordered phases, and interesting phase transitions in between. In particular, I will discuss the example of a continuous quantum phase transition between a Kitaev spin-orbital liquid and a symmetry-broken phase. This transition can be understood as a realization of a fractionalized fermionic quantum critical point.