Predictions for Quantum Gravitational Signatures from Inflation


Chatwin-Davies, A. (2022). Predictions for Quantum Gravitational Signatures from Inflation. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/22090099


Chatwin-Davies, Aidan. Predictions for Quantum Gravitational Signatures from Inflation. Perimeter Institute, Sep. 26, 2022, https://pirsa.org/22090099


          @misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:22090099,
            doi = {10.48660/22090099},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/22090099},
            author = {Chatwin-Davies, Aidan},
            keywords = {Cosmology},
            language = {en},
            title = {Predictions for Quantum Gravitational Signatures from Inflation},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2022},
            month = {sep},
            note = {PIRSA:22090099 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}

Aidan Chatwin-Davies University of British Columbia


The huge separation between the Planck scale and typical laboratory scales makes it extremely difficult to detect quantum gravitational effects; however, the situation is in principle much more favourable in cosmology. In particular, the Planck and Hubble scales were only separated by about 5 to 6 orders of magnitude during inflation. This motivates looking for present-day signatures of Planck-scale physics from the early universe. The question, then, is what quantum gravitational effects should we look for, and what are their observational signatures? Here I will discuss predictions for how a generic, quantum gravity-motivated, natural ultraviolet cutoff manifests in primordial power spectra. The cutoff is model-independent, both in the sense that it does not rely on a particular UV completion of quantum gravity, nor does it assume a particular model of inflation. The predicted signature consists of small oscillations that are superimposed on the conventional primordial power spectra, where the template waveform is parameterized by the location of the cutoff between the Planck and Hubble scales. This will allow experiments to place new rigorous bounds on the scale at which quantum gravity effects become important.