PIRSA:22110073

Measurement as a shortcut to long-range entangled quantum matter

APA

Lu, P. (2022). Measurement as a shortcut to long-range entangled quantum matter. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/22110073

MLA

Lu, Peter. Measurement as a shortcut to long-range entangled quantum matter. Perimeter Institute, Nov. 15, 2022, https://pirsa.org/22110073

BibTex

          @misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:22110073,
            doi = {10.48660/22110073},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/22110073},
            author = {Lu, Peter},
            keywords = {Condensed Matter},
            language = {en},
            title = {Measurement as a shortcut to long-range entangled quantum matter},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2022},
            month = {nov},
            note = {PIRSA:22110073 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}
          }
          
Talk Type Conference

Abstract

The preparation of long-range entangled states using unitary circuits is limited by Lieb-Robinson bounds, but circuits with projective measurements and feedback (``adaptive circuits'') can evade such restrictions. We introduce three classes of local adaptive circuits that enable low-depth preparation of long-range entangled quantum matter characterized by gapped topological orders and conformal field theories (CFTs). The three classes are inspired by distinct physical insights, including tensor-network constructions, multiscale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA), and parton constructions. A large class of topological orders, including chiral topological order, can be prepared in constant depth or time, and one-dimensional CFT states and non-abelian topological orders with both solvable and non-solvable groups can be prepared in depth scaling logarithmically with system size. We also build on a recently discovered correspondence between symmetry-protected topological phases and long-range entanglement to derive efficient protocols for preparing symmetry-enriched topological order and arbitrary CSS (Calderbank-Shor-Steane) codes. Our work illustrates the practical and conceptual versatility of measurement for state preparation.