The 't Hooft equation as a quantum spectral curve


Vegh, D. (2023). The 't Hooft equation as a quantum spectral curve. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/23040069


Vegh, David. The 't Hooft equation as a quantum spectral curve. Perimeter Institute, Apr. 18, 2023, https://pirsa.org/23040069


          @misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:23040069,
            doi = {10.48660/23040069},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/23040069},
            author = {Vegh, David},
            keywords = {Quantum Fields and Strings},
            language = {en},
            title = {The {\textquoteright}t Hooft equation as a quantum spectral curve},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2023},
            month = {apr},
            note = {PIRSA:23040069 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}

David Vegh Queen Mary - University of London (QMUL)


In this talk, I examine the massless 't Hooft equation. This integral equation governs meson bound state wavefunctions in 2D SU(N) gauge theory in the large-N limit, and it can also be obtained by quantizing a folded string in flat space. The folded string is a limiting case of a more general setup: a four-segmented string moving in three-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space. I compute its classical spectral curve using celestial variables and planar bipartite graphs, also known as on-shell diagrams or brane tilings. In this more general setup, the 't Hooft equation acquires an extra term, which has previously been proposed as an effective confining potential in QCD. After an integral transform, the equation can be inverted in terms of a finite difference equation. I show that this difference equation has a natural interpretation as the quantized (non-analytic) spectral curve of the string. The spectrum interpolates between equally spaced energy levels in the tensionless limit and 't Hooft's nearly linear Regge trajectory at infinite AdS radius.

Zoom link:  https://pitp.zoom.us/j/97373882483?pwd=NmphN0N3ckdHbHdlcVpKcGkzMHY1Zz09