# Asymptotic Joint Realizability of Properties of Quantum States

### APA

Fraser, T. (2023). Asymptotic Joint Realizability of Properties of Quantum States. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/23040085

### MLA

Fraser, Thomas. Asymptotic Joint Realizability of Properties of Quantum States. Perimeter Institute, Apr. 04, 2023, https://pirsa.org/23040085

### BibTex

@misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:23040085, doi = {10.48660/23040085}, url = {https://pirsa.org/23040085}, author = {Fraser, Thomas}, keywords = {Quantum Foundations}, language = {en}, title = {Asymptotic Joint Realizability of Properties of Quantum States}, publisher = {Perimeter Institute}, year = {2023}, month = {apr}, note = {PIRSA:23040085 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}} }

## Abstract

There are numerous properties of quantum states that one might be interested in characterizing, including statistical moments of observables such as expectations or variances, or more generally purities, entropies, probabilities, eigenvalues, symmetries, marginals, etc. Given a fixed collection of properties, the realizability problem aims to determine which value-assignments to those properties are jointly exhibited by at least one quantum state. In addition to the decision problem of realizability, one might also be interested in quantifying what proportion of quantum states possesses those property values.

Any property of a quantum state can always, at least in principle, be estimated empirically by suitably measuring an ensemble of many independently and identically prepared copies of that quantum state. The particular sequence of positive operator valued measures which estimates a given property is known as a property estimation scheme. The purpose of this talk is to discuss a strategy for tackling realizability problems by studying the large deviation behaviour of property estimation schemes.

The key idea of this approach is the following:

A given collection of properties is realized by a quantum state if and only if a random quantum state occasionally produces that collection of properties as estimates.

Under suitable conditions, this observation leads to a complete hierarchy of necessary conditions for realizability.

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