Solving 2D quantum matter with neural quantum states


(2023). Solving 2D quantum matter with neural quantum states. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/23060102


Solving 2D quantum matter with neural quantum states. Perimeter Institute, Jun. 15, 2023, https://pirsa.org/23060102


          @misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:23060102,
            doi = {10.48660/23060102},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/23060102},
            author = {},
            keywords = {Condensed Matter},
            language = {en},
            title = {Solving 2D quantum matter with neural quantum states},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2023},
            month = {jun},
            note = {PIRSA:23060102 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}
Markus Heyl


Neural quantum states (NQSs) have emerged as a novel promising numerical method to solve the quantum many-body problem. However, it has remained a central challenge to train modern large-scale deep network architectures to desired quantum state accuracy, which would be vital in utilizing the full power of NQSs and making them competitive or superior to conventional numerical approaches. Here, we propose a minimum-step stochastic reconfiguration (MinSR) method that reduces the optimization complexity by orders of magnitude while keeping similar accuracy as compared to conventional stochastic reconfiguration. MinSR allows for accurate training on unprecedentedly deep NQS with up to 64 layers and more than 105 parameters in the spin-1/2 Heisenberg J1-J2 models on the square lattice. We find that this approach yields better variational energies as compared to existing numerical results and we further observe that the accuracy of our ground state calculations approaches different levels of machine precision on modern GPU and TPU hardware. The MinSR method opens up the potential to make NQS superior as compared to conventional computational methods with the capability to address yet inaccessible regimes for two-dimensional quantum matter in the future.