# Talk 84 - Complementarity and the unitarity of the black hole S-matrix

### APA

Kim, I. (2023). Talk 84 - Complementarity and the unitarity of the black hole S-matrix. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/23080029

### MLA

Kim, Isaac. Talk 84 - Complementarity and the unitarity of the black hole S-matrix. Perimeter Institute, Aug. 04, 2023, https://pirsa.org/23080029

### BibTex

@misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:23080029, doi = {10.48660/23080029}, url = {https://pirsa.org/23080029}, author = {Kim, Isaac}, keywords = {Quantum Fields and Strings, Quantum Information, Quantum Foundations}, language = {en}, title = {Talk 84 - Complementarity and the unitarity of the black hole S-matrix}, publisher = {Perimeter Institute}, year = {2023}, month = {aug}, note = {PIRSA:23080029 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}} }

University of California, Davis

**Collection**

Talk Type

Abstract

Recently, Akers et al. proposed a non-isometric holographic map from the interior of a black hole to its exterior. Within this model, we study properties of the black hole S-matrix, which are in principle accessible to observers who stay outside the black hole. Specifically, we investigate a scenario in which an infalling agent interacts with radiation both outside and inside the black hole. Because the holographic map involves postselection, the unitarity of the S-matrix is not guaranteed in this scenario, but we find that unitarity is satisfied to very high precision if suitable conditions are met. If the internal black hole dynamics is described by a pseudorandom unitary transformation, and if the operations performed by the infaller have computational complexity scaling polynomially with the black hole entropy, then the S-matrix is unitary up to corrections that are superpolynomially small in the black hole entropy. Furthermore, while in principle quantum computation assisted by postselection can be very powerful, we find under similar assumptions that the S-matrix of an evaporating black hole has polynomial computational complexity.