# A New Picture of Quantum Dynamics and A New Kind of Tensor Network

### APA

(2023). A New Picture of Quantum Dynamics and A New Kind of Tensor Network. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/23100094

### MLA

A New Picture of Quantum Dynamics and A New Kind of Tensor Network. Perimeter Institute, Oct. 10, 2023, https://pirsa.org/23100094

### BibTex

@misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:23100094, doi = {10.48660/23100094}, url = {https://pirsa.org/23100094}, author = {}, keywords = {Condensed Matter}, language = {en}, title = {A New Picture of Quantum Dynamics and A New Kind of Tensor Network}, publisher = {Perimeter Institute}, year = {2023}, month = {oct}, note = {PIRSA:23100094 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}} }

## Abstract

I will introduce a new picture of quantum dynamics that might be thought of as "gauging" Schrodinger's picture that results in many "local" Hilbert spaces [1]. Truncating the dimensions of the local Hilbert spaces in this new picture yields an exciting new kind of tensor network whose computational cost does not increase with increasing spatial dimension (for fixed bond dimension) [2]. More detail: Although quantum dynamics are local for local Hamiltonians, the locality is not explicit in the Schrodinger picture since the wavefunction amplitudes do not obey a local equation of motion. In the first part of this talk, I will introduce a new picture of quantum dynamics—the gauge picture—which is similar to Schrodinger's picture, but with the feature that spatial locality is explicit in the equations of motion. In a sense, the gauge picture might be thought of as the result of "gauging" the global unitary symmetry of quantum dynamics into a local symmetry[1]. In the second part of the talk, I discuss a new kind of tensor network ansatz that is inspired from the gauge picture. In the gauge picture, different regions of space are associated with different Hilbert spaces, which are related by gauge connections. By relaxing the unitary constraint on the gauge connections, we can truncate the Hilbert space dimensions associated with different regions to obtain an approximate description of quantum dynamics. This truncated gauge picture, which we dub "quantum gauge network", is intriguingly similar to a classical lattice gauge theory coupled to a Higgs field (which are "local" wavefunctions in the gauge picture), but with non-unitary connections. In one spatial dimension, a quantum gauge network can be easily mapped to a matrix product density operator, and a matrix product state can be mapped to a quantum gauge network. Unlike tensor networks such as PEPS, quantum gauge networks boast the advantage that for fixed bond dimension, the computational cost does not increase with the number of spatial dimensions! Encoding fermionic wavefunctions is also remarkably straightforward. We provide a simple algorithm for approximately simulating quantum dynamics of bosonic or fermionic Hamiltonians in any spatial dimension. We compare the new quantum dynamics algorithm to exact methods for fermion systems in up to three spatial dimensions [2]. [1] The Gauge Picture of Quantum Dynamics. arXiv:2210.09314 [2] Quantum Gauge Networks: A New Kind of Tensor Network. arXiv:2210.12151

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Zoom link: https://pitp.zoom.us/j/94596192271?pwd=MytzNUx4ZEZEemkvcEEzbllWM1J6QT09