Mixed-state quantum anomaly and multipartite entanglement


Lessa, L. (2024). Mixed-state quantum anomaly and multipartite entanglement. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/24020093


Lessa, Leonardo. Mixed-state quantum anomaly and multipartite entanglement. Perimeter Institute, Feb. 26, 2024, https://pirsa.org/24020093


          @misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:24020093,
            doi = {10.48660/24020093},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/24020093},
            author = {Lessa, Leonardo},
            keywords = {Other},
            language = {en},
            title = {Mixed-state quantum anomaly and multipartite entanglement},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2024},
            month = {feb},
            note = {PIRSA:24020093 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}

Leonardo Lessa Perimeter Institute

Talk Type Scientific Series


Quantum entanglement measures of many-body states have been increasingly useful to characterize phases of matter. Here we explore the surprising connection between symmetry-protected topology (SPT) and separability of their boundary mixed states. More specifically, we consider lattice systems in d space dimensions with anomalous symmetry G, where the anomaly is characterized by a bulk SPT invariant in the group cohomology Hd+2(G,U(1)). We show that any mixed state ρ that is strongly symmetric under G, in the sense that G ρ ∝ ρ, is necessarily (d+2)-nonseparable, i.e. is not the mixture of tensor products of d+2 states in the Hilbert space. Furthermore, such states cannot be prepared from any (d+2)-separable states using finite-depth local quantum channels, so the non-separability is long-ranged in nature. The anomaly-nonseparability connection also allows us to generate simple examples of mixed states with nontrivial multi-partite entanglement.


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