Collection Number S020
Collection Type Series
This series consists of talks in the area of Quantum Gravity.

Dynamics of Primordial Black Holes in the Early Universe

Derek Inman Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (CITA)

If dark matter is composed at least partially of primordial black holes (PBHs) then structure formation occurs very differently than in standard particle dark matter scenarios.  PBH binaries, halos and other structures can form at very early redshifts and the resulting nonlinear dynamics can change constraints on the abundance of PBHs.  In this talk I will describe this structure formation history using results from cosmological simulations and discuss constraints on solar mass and heavier PBHs from LIGO and the CMB.  Lastly, I will discuss how the baryons may be impacted by such nonlinear

Exotic MOTS, the stability operator and their role in black hole mergers

Ivan Booth Memorial University of Newfoundland

In the last couple of years it has been demonstrated that black hole spacetimes contain many more marginally outer trapped surfaces (MOTS) than had been previously recognized. For example, there is an infinite family of axially symmetric MOTS even in the Schwarzschild solution, of which the apparent horizon is only the first element. In a recent series of papers (arXiv: 2104.10265, 2104.11343, 2104.11343) we demonstrated that these exotic new MOTS play a key role in black hole mergers and, in fact, are the missing pieces needed to complete the apparent horizon “pair of pants” diagram.

A nuclear physics - multi-messenger astronomy analysis of binary neutron star mergers - Tim Dietrich

Tim Dietrich Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute)

We discuss how we can use numerical-relativity simulations to derive gravitational-wave and electromagnetic models describing the binary  neutron star coalescence. We show how these models can be used within a multi-messenger framework to derive new constraints on the neutron-star equation of state and the Hubble constant. For this purpose, we analyze the gravitational wave signal GW170817 and its electromagnetic counterparts AT2017gfo and GRB170817A, together with X-ray observations by NICER, radio observations of massive pulsars, and nuclear theory computations.

Enhancing transient gravitational wave analyses with machine learning

Ik Siong Heng University of Glasgow

Gravitational wave observations are beginning to reveal the nature of the dark side of our universe. The Advanced LIGO and Virgo detectors have observed dozens of binary black hole mergers during the recent third observing run and, with planned sensitivity improvements, expect to observe significantly more binary black hole mergers in future observing runs. The combination of the increased number of detections  and the sheer volume of data associated with each detection provides a significant data analysis challenge.

Black hole assembly lines in AGN disks

Imre Bartos University of Florida

Since their first discovery in 2015, gravitational-wave observations yielded several "surprises." The LIGO and Virgo observatories detected more and heavier black holes than anticipated; the first object in the lower mass gap was found; and LIGO announced the discovery of a particularly heavy black hole that could have not come from stellar core collapse. The surprises point to the possibility that some of LIGO/Virgo's black hole mergers occurred in the dense accretion disks of active galactic nuclei (AGNs).

Probing strong gravity with black hole ringdowns

Gravitational waves provide a unique observational handle on the properties of strong, dynamical gravity. Ringdowns, in particular, cleanly encode information about the structure of black holes, allowing us to test fundamental principles like the no-hair theorem and the area law. In this talk, I will review the status of this effort, including recent observational results and remaining challenges.

Gravitational-wave memory effects from binary-black-hole mergers

David Nichols Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen

Over forty detections of binary-black-hole mergers have been made during the first three observing runs of the LIGO and Virgo detectors. With this larger number of measurements of increasing accuracy, many of the remarkable predictions of general relativity for strongly curved, dynamical spacetimes will be able to be studied observationally.

Core-Collapse Supernovae as Laboratories for Fundamental Physics

Evan O'Connor California Institute of Technology

Core-Collapse Supernovae are a fantastic laboratory to study fundamental physics.  The messengers from the core, neutrino and gravitational waves, carry a wealth of information about the dynamics, thermodynamics, underlying physics, and structure of massive stars at the end of their lives.  In this talk, I will discuss some of the ways we can use supernovae to probe this physics.  From quark-hadron phase transitions emitting unique gravitational wave and neutrino signals, to neutrinos telling us precise information about the distance to and progenitor mass (!) of galactic supernovae, even b

Supertranslation invariance of angular momentum

Po-Ning Chen University of California

LIGO's successful detection of gravitational waves has revitalized the theoretical understanding of the angular momentum carried away by gravitational radiation. An infinite-dimensional supertranslation ambiguity has presented an essential difficulty for decades of study. Recent advances were made to quantify the supertranslation ambiguity in the context of binary coalescence. In this talk, we will present the first definition of angular momentum in general relativity that is completely free from supertranslation ambiguity.