In this talk, I present a novel framework to do black-hole spectroscopy. This approach is based on a new technique so-called “quasinormal-mode filter”, which can be classified into two subsets: rational filter and full filter. On the theoretical level, I explain how to use the rational filter to understand the ringdown of numerical-relativity waveforms. On the observational level, I introduce a way to incorporate the filter into Bayesian analysis. The new Bayesian framework not only allows us to analyze the ringdown of a real gravitational-wave event without Markov chain Monte Carlo, but also yields a natural estimate of the ringdown start time. By applying our method to GW150914, we find strong and self-consistent evidence for the first overtone from multiple perspectives. On the other hand, the relationship between the full filter and the metric reconstruction is discussed. Its connection to a numerical-relativity technique “Cauchy-characteristic Matching” is provided. In the final part of the talk, I also briefly present our recent progress on fully relativistic 3D Cauchy-characteristic Matching.
Though often not spelled out explicitly, dynamical reference frames appear ubiquitously in gauge theory and gravity. They appear, for example, when constructing dressed/relational observables, describing physics relative to the frame in a gauge-invariant way. In this talk, I will sketch a general framework for constructing such frames and associated relational observables. It unifies previous approaches and encompasses the transformations relating different frame choices. In gravitational theories, this gives rise to an arguably more physical reformulation of general covariance in terms of dynamical rather than fixed frames. I will then discuss an ensuing relational form of locality, including bulk microcausality and local subsystems associated with subregions, both of which can be defined gauge-invariantly relative to a dynamical frame. In the latter case, the frame incarnates as an edge mode field, linking with recent work on finite subregions. In particular, the corresponding boundary charges and symmetries can be understood in terms of reorientations of the frame. Notably, the resulting notion of a subsystem is frame-dependent, as are therefore correlations, thermal properties and specifically entropies. I will conclude with an outlook on the quantum realm and connections with recent developments on quantum reference frames. [Based on 2206.01193, 2205.00913, JHEP 172 (2022), PRL 128 170401.]
I will describe a new program of measurements in fundamental physics using optically levitated dielectric microspheres. The focus of the talk will be the recently completed first search for new, gravity-like interactions at micron scale using this novel technique. I will also show an array of other results, including searches for millicharged particles, Chameleon fields and techniques to manipulate the various degrees of freedom of the trapped microspheres.