Quantum Gravity Effects in Black Holes and Gravitational Waves


Amelino-Camelia, G., Mattingly, D., Yunes, N. & Broderick, A. (2012). Quantum Gravity Effects in Black Holes and Gravitational Waves. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/12100094


Amelino-Camelia, Giovanni, et al. Quantum Gravity Effects in Black Holes and Gravitational Waves. Perimeter Institute, Oct. 23, 2012, https://pirsa.org/12100094


          @misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:12100094,
            doi = {10.48660/12100094},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/12100094},
            author = {Amelino-Camelia, Giovanni and Mattingly, David and Yunes, Nicolas and Broderick, Avery},
            keywords = {Quantum Gravity},
            language = {en},
            title = {Quantum Gravity Effects in Black Holes and Gravitational Waves},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2012},
            month = {oct},
            note = {PIRSA:12100094 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}


Quantum-gravity effects as noise for gravity-wave detectors
I discuss a mechanism that can allow Planck scale effects to manifest themselves as a source of lof-frequency noise for interferometers.  The mechanism requires a discrete formulation of dynamics at the Planck scale.

Dancing in the Dark: Images of Quantum Black Holes

There have recently been a number of rather surprising suggestions that the quantum nature of black holes is manifested on macroscopic scales.  This raises the question of just what the image of such an object should look like.  The answer is more than simply academic; with the advent of the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT), a millimetre-wave very long baseline array, it is now possible to probe a handful of supermassive black holes with angular resolutions sufficient to image their horizons.  I will discuss what we might expect to see, and how in the near future we will begin to empirically probe the existence of black hole quantum states with horizon scale curvature deviations from general relativity.


The Irritating Persistence of Horizons
In some approaches to quantum gravity Lorentz invariance is modified. Without Lorentz invariance one can theoretically see behind the usual Killing horizon of a black hole if, for example, one allowed for superluminal propagation. This in turn raises the possibility that one could in principle probe the singularity and the quantum gravity regime. We discuss how Lorentz violating black hole solutions in Einstein-aether theory unfortunately possess another causal boundary behind the Killing horizon that is impenetrable to any superluminal mode. We also detail progress in determining the laws of black hole mechanics and the radiation spectrum from these so-called "universal horizons". Our results suggest that even if superluminal dispersion at high frequencies did exist in nature, singularities and their associated quantum gravity resolutions may very well remain locked behind horizons.