PIRSA:16050037

Organic materials: all-in-one systems for Mott physics - Quantum criticality, preformed pairs and spin liquids

APA

Kanoda, K. (2016). Organic materials: all-in-one systems for Mott physics - Quantum criticality, preformed pairs and spin liquids. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/16050037

MLA

Kanoda, Kazushi. Organic materials: all-in-one systems for Mott physics - Quantum criticality, preformed pairs and spin liquids. Perimeter Institute, May. 12, 2016, https://pirsa.org/16050037

BibTex

          @misc{ pirsa_16050037,
            doi = {},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/16050037},
            author = {Kanoda, Kazushi},
            keywords = {Condensed Matter},
            language = {en},
            title = {Organic materials: all-in-one systems for Mott physics - Quantum criticality, preformed pairs and spin liquids},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2016},
            month = {may},
            note = {PIRSA:16050037 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}
          }
          

Abstract

A many-body quantum system on the verge of instability between competing ground states exhibits emergent phenomena. Interacting electrons on triangular lattices are likely subjected to multiple instabilities in the charge and spin degrees of freedom, affording diverse phenomena related to the Mott physics. The molecular conductors are superior model systems for studying the Mott physics because of the designability and controllability of material parameters such as lattice geometry and bandwidth by chemical substitution and/or pressure. In this symposium, I first introduce the fundamentals of organic materials and then present various quantum manifestations that interacting electrons in triangular-lattice organics show under variable correlation on the verge of the Mott metal-insulator transition. The topics include i) the quantum criticality of the Mott transition revealed by the resistivity that obeys quantum-critical scaling, ii) the pseudo-gap-like behavior of the metallic state, which is found to originate from preformed Cooper pairs that persist up to twice as high as Tc, and iii) the spin liquid state that emerges in the Mott insulating state, depending on the lattice geometry. I may touch the recent finding on a doped triangular lattice that exhibits a possible BEC-to-BCS crossover in superconductivity. The work presented here was performed in collaboration with T. Furukawa, H. Oike, J. Ibuka, M. Urai, Y. Suzuki, K. Miyagawa (UTokyo), Y. Shimizu (Nagoya Univ.), M. Ito, H. Taniguchi (Saitama Univ.) and R. Kato (RIKEN)