Liang, Y. (2018). A device-independent approach to testing physical theories from finite data. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/18080030

MLA

Liang, Yeong-Cherng. A device-independent approach to testing physical theories from finite data. Perimeter Institute, Jul. 31, 2018, https://pirsa.org/18080030

BibTex

@misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:18080030,
doi = {10.48660/18080030},
url = {https://pirsa.org/18080030},
author = {Liang, Yeong-Cherng},
keywords = {Quantum Foundations},
language = {en},
title = {A device-independent approach to testing physical theories from finite data},
publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
year = {2018},
month = {jul},
note = {PIRSA:18080030 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}
}

The device-independent approach to physics is one where conclusions are drawn directly and solely from the observed correlations between measurement outcomes. This operational approach to physics arose as a byproduct of Bell's seminal work to distinguish quantum correlations from the set of correlations allowed by locally-causal theories. In practice, since one can only perform a finite number of experimental trials, deciding whether an empirical observation is compatible with some class of physical theories will have to be carried out via the task of hypothesis testing. In this talk, I will review some recent progress on this task based on the prediction-based-ratio method and discuss how it may allow us to falsify, in principle, other classes of physical theories, such as those constrained only by the nonsignaling principle, and those that are constrained to produce the so-called "almost-quantum" set of correlations. As an application, I demonstrate how this method allows us to unveil the apparent violation of the nonsignaling conditions in certain experimental data collected in a Bell test. The lesson learned from this observation will be briefly discussed.