CPT-Symmetric Universe


Boyle, L. (2019). CPT-Symmetric Universe. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/19090016


Boyle, Latham. CPT-Symmetric Universe. Perimeter Institute, Sep. 03, 2019, https://pirsa.org/19090016


          @misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:19090016,
            doi = {10.48660/19090016},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/19090016},
            author = {Boyle, Latham},
            keywords = {Cosmology, Particle Physics, Strong Gravity},
            language = {en},
            title = {CPT-Symmetric Universe},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2019},
            month = {sep},
            note = {PIRSA:19090016 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}

Latham Boyle University of Edinburgh


I will introduce our recent proposal that the state of the universe does *not* spontaneously violate CPT. Instead, the universe after the big bang is the CPT image of the universe before it, both classically and quantum mechanically. The pre- and post-bang epochs comprise a universe/anti-universe pair, emerging from nothing directly into a hot, radiation-dominated era. CPT symmetry selects the QFT vacuum state on such a spacetime, providing a new interpretation of the cosmological baryon asymmetry, as well as a particularly economical explanation for the cosmological dark matter. Requiring only the standard three-generation model of particle physics (with right-handed neutrinos), a Z_2 symmetry suffices to render one of the right-handed neutrinos stable. We calculate its abundance from first principles: matching the observed dark matter density requires its mass to be 4.8 x 10^{8} GeV. Several other testable predictions immediately follow: e.g. (i) the lightest neutrino is massless; (ii) neutrinoless double beta decay occurs at a specific rate; and (iii) there are no primordial long-wavelength gravitational waves. The proposal also has interesting things to say about the strong CP problem, the observed electrodynamic arrow of time, cosmological boundary conditions, and the wave-function of the universe. (Based on arXiv:1803.08928, arXiv:1803.08930, and forthcoming work.)