Advances in Sensitivity and Pulse Detection with Rydberg-Atom Electrometry


Bohaichuk, S. (2022). Advances in Sensitivity and Pulse Detection with Rydberg-Atom Electrometry. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/22070017


Bohaichuk, Stephanie. Advances in Sensitivity and Pulse Detection with Rydberg-Atom Electrometry. Perimeter Institute, Jul. 15, 2022, https://pirsa.org/22070017


          @misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:22070017,
            doi = {10.48660/22070017},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/22070017},
            author = {Bohaichuk, Stephanie},
            keywords = {Quantum Information},
            language = {en},
            title = {Advances in Sensitivity and Pulse Detection with Rydberg-Atom Electrometry},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2022},
            month = {jul},
            note = {PIRSA:22070017 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}

Stephanie Bohaichuk Quantum Valley Ideas Laboratories


The strong interaction of optically excited Rydberg atoms with external fields has made them promising for the detection of radio frequency (RF) electric fields with high sensitivity. Such Rydberg-atom based sensors offer advantages over conventional metal antennas in RF transparency and self-calibration, enabled by all-dielectric construction and extremely well-known atomic properties. In this talk, we describe recent advances in the sensing of low amplitude RF electric fields and the timing of sub-microsecond RF pulses using room temperature Cesium vapour cells. We examine their transient response to RF pulses with durations ranging from 10 μs to 50 ns, identifying the dependence of atomic time scales on Rabi frequencies and dephasing mechanisms. We present a method for extracting the arrival time of RF pulses in a typical two-photon setup using a matched filter tailored to the atomic response, achieving a field sensitivity down to ~240 nV cm-1 Hz-1/2 and a timing precision of ~30 ns. On the other hand, practical operation at room temperature results in the self-calibration and sensitivity of this setup being limited by residual Doppler broadening. We therefore develop a novel sub-Doppler approach using a colinear three-photon scheme, which extends the self-calibrated Autler-Townes regime to significantly weaker RF electric fields. With this setup, we achieve a ~200 kHz spectral linewidth of the Rydberg atoms’ electromagnetically induced transparency within a room temperature vapour cell. The results demonstrate the potential of Rydberg atombased sensors for use in test and measurement, communications, and radar applications. "