Collection Number C08021
Collection Date -
Collection Type Conference/School
Science in the 21st Century
At a time when the great challenges facing our civilization are scientific in nature (climate change, sustainable energy, pandemic disease), improving the voting public\'s understanding and appreciation of science is more important than ever. I will argue that the Internet in general and weblogs specifically provide an opportunity to address this problem, both through bringing science outreach directly to the public, but also by humanizing scientists to the public.
In the 1990s, the eprint arXivs fundamentally reshaped scientific communication in Math and Physics. In this decade, blogs, wikis and other, similar, tools are mediating an equally profound reshaping of scientific communication. I will talk about my own experience, as a blogger, software designer, and physicist, pointing to some of the successes and some of the challenges ahead.
This talk will review the public impact of developments in open access to research on education, professional practice, and public policy, with consideration given to legal, economic, and academic freedom issues, as well as to the very design of scholarly communication systems.
The shift from print to online has already created a revolution in scientific communication, but it is far from complete. Among other effects, it has brought huge opportunities and threats to incumbent publishers. This talk will discuss the imperative for publishers to keep moving forward if they are to maintain their relevance in this new world.
True open access to scientific publications not only gives readers the possibility to read articles without paying subscription, but also makes the material available for automated ingestion and harvesting by 3rd parties. Once articles and associated data become universally treatable as computable objects, openly available to 3rd party aggregators and value-added services, what new services can we expect, and how will they change the way that researchers interact with their scholarly communications infrastructure?
Cartographic maps of physical places have guided mankind\'s explorations for centuries. They enabled the discovery of new worlds while also marking territories inhabited by unknown monsters. Domain maps of abstract semantic spaces, see scimaps.org, aim to serve today\'s explorers understanding and navigating the world of science. The maps are generated through scientific analysis of large-scale scholarly datasets in an effort to connect and make sense of the bits and pieces of knowledge they contain.
The rapid technological change around us supports the idea of general speedup in the tempo of life, the illusion that we are living \'on Internet time.\' Yet many changes are still taking generations, and that includes changes in scientific communication as well as in sociology of science. The evidence for wildly varying rates of changes, and the reasons for them, will be discussed.
\'The Medium Is The Message ... The Audience Is The Content\', Marshall McLuhan, Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964. A \'wiki is a ... collaborative space ... because of its total freedom, ease of access, and use, [and] simple and uniform navigational conventions ... .\' \'[It] ... is also a way to organize and cross-link knowledge ...\', Ward Cunningham, Father of The Wiki (Leuf and Cunningham, 2001, 16).
A wiki is an excellent tool for organizing and representing human knowledge. By building a personal wiki notebook, a scientific researcher may optimally organize past and current research notes. In this brief practical introduction I will provide a guided tour of an open scientific notebook -- physicswiki.org -- and discuss the design considerations, features, and content of this open source wiki.