In this talk, I will discuss the analyticity properties of 2d Ising field theories (IFTs). I will start with a short introduction to 2d Ising field theory, which is the continuous limit of the 2d Ising model on square lattice. Then the different spectrum scenarios for high-T and low-T domains will be introduced. Generally speaking, an IFT which sits not at the critical temperature and has a non-vanishing external field is neither solvable nor integrable. However, it's possible to look into the analytical properties of various quantities in the theory space, then further non-perturbative information can be extracted. I will focus on the analyticity properties for mass of the first excitation, and discuss its critical behaviours and dispersion relations in both ordered and disordered phase. Finally, if time allowed, I will switch to the analyticity properties of the analytical structure of S-matrices, and show various related interesting phenomenons together with unsolved problems

References:
[1], Ising field theory in a magnetic field: Analytic properties of the free energy, P. Fonseca and A. Zamolodchikov, hep-th/0112167 [hep-th].
[2], Ising Spectroscopy II: Particles and poles at T > Tc, A. Zamolodchikov, 1310.4821 [hep-th].
[3], 2D Ising Field Theory in a magnetic field: the Yang-Lee singularity, H. Xu and A. Zamolodchikov, 2203.11262 [hep-th].
[4], On the S-matrix of Ising field theory in two dimensions, B. Gabai and X. Yin, 1905.00710 [hep-th]
[5], Ising field theory in a magnetic field: phi^3 coupling at T > Tc, H. Xu and A. Zamolodchikov, 2304.07886 [hep-th]
[6], Corner Transfer Matrix Approach to the Yang-Lee Singularity in the 2D Ising Model in a magnetic field, V.V.Mangazeev, B.Hagan and V.V.Bazhanov, 2308.15113 [hep-th]
[7], Ising Field Theory in a Magnetic Field: Extended analyticity properties of M1, H. Xu, in preparation.

In 2013, Cachazo, He and Yuan discovered a remarkable framework for scattering amplitudes in Quantum Field Theory (QFT) which mixes the real, complex and tropical geometry associated to the moduli space of n points on the projective line, $M_{0,n}$. By duality, this moduli space has a twin moduli space of $n$ generic points in $P^{n-3}$, leading to dual realization of scattering amplitudes, using a generalization of the CHY formalism introduced in 2019 by Cachazo, Early, Guevara and Mizera (CEGM). Any duality begs for an explanation! And, what physical phenomena lie between the twin moduli spaces? CEGM developed a framework to answer the question for moduli spaces of $n$ points in any $P^{k-1}$, leading to the discovery of rich, recursive structures and novel behaviors which portend an extension of QFT. We discuss recent joint works with Cachazo and Zhang, and with Geiger, Panizzut, Sturmfels, Yun, in which we dig deeper into some of the many mysteries which arise.

While entanglement has been examined extensively in AdS/CFT, it has avoided significant attention in the study of celestial holography and asymptotic symmetries relevant to asymptotically flat spacetime. I will present work that considers the entanglement of a Milne patch for Maxwell theory in Minkowski spacetime from the perspective of celestial holography. In the Minkowski vacuum, we find that the Milne patch is thermally entangled. We interpret the thermal entangling operator that builds the Minkowski vacuum from the Milne vacuum as an interaction term in the celestial CFT. We further examine the edge modes of the Milne patch, assigning them a physical interpretation as fluctuations in Milne asymptotic charge. Interestingly, we find that the constraint governing these edge modes includes sources that avoid the Minkowski interior. Altogether, by studying entanglement along the extra holographic direction present in celestial holography but absent in AdS/CFT, our work bridges a critical gap between our understanding of entanglement in the latter and the physically relevant setting of asymptotically flat spacetime.

The holographic duality between strongly coupled quantum field theories and weakly coupled gravitational theories in one higher dimension holds, in principle, the promise of understanding strongly coupled systems that occur in condensed matter physics, such as the "strange" metals that appear in materials such as high-Tc cuprates. Unfortunately, the holographic models of metals that have previously been studied have not been successful in capturing even the most basic physics that any realistic model of a metal should obey. In this talk, I will review the essential properties that any metal (strongly coupled or not) must satisfy, and propose a new holographic model that is consistent with these requirements. The new model is based on a radically different approach compared with previous holographic models of metals, and crucially relies on recent work that formulates in a precise way the conditions for an IR effective field theory to be "emergeable" from a UV theory at nonzero charge density. In particular, the holographic model I study is dual to a quantum field theory with a global symmetry group LU(1) -- the "loop group" whose elements are smooth functions from the circle into U(1). I present the results of a solution of the model and argue that its properties are qualitatively consistent with what one should expect to find in a strongly coupled metal.

It has long been known in studies of Pion physics, non-linear sigma models and cosmology that thinking in terms of field space metrics can be useful. Such an approach can help identify and define field redefinition invariant physics in observables. This approach is reemerging recently an a key organizing principle and calculational tool for interpreting collider physics data to study Higgs properties. I will review some known results and discuss outstanding issues being worked on in this area.

For a theory whose half-BPS sector can be described by N=4 quiver quantum mechanics, its BPS algebra (à la Harvey-Moore) is given by the quiver Yangian. I will first review the construction of the BPS quiver Yangians and then discuss their applications, such as on BPS counting, Gauge/Bethe correspondence, and knot-quiver correspondence.

I review a class of quantum error correcting codes that directly takes into account the large-N aspects of holographic theories. I will discuss some aspects of the vacuum sector of these codes and use them to show the equivalence between two different approaches to entanglement wedge reconstruction.

Universal properties of two-dimensional conformal interfaces are encoded by the flux of energy transmitted and reflected during a scattering process.

In this talk, I will develop a method that allows me to extend previous results based on thin-brane holographic models to smooth domain-wall solutions of 3-dimensional gravity.

As an application, I will compute the transmission coefficient of a Janus interface in terms of its deformation parameter.

We construct two-dimensional quantum states associated to four-dimensional linearized rotating self-dual black holes in (2,2) signature Klein space. The states are comprised of global conformal primaries circulating on the celestial torus, the Kleinian analog of the celestial sphere. By introducing a generalized tower of Goldstone operators we identify the states as coherent exponentiations carrying an infinite tower of w1+inf charges or soft hair. We relate our results to recent approaches to black hole scattering, including a connection to Wilson lines, S-matrix results, and celestial holography in curved backgrounds.

We develop the bulk geometric description of correlation functions of operators whose scaling dimensions are of order the central charge in AdS/CFT. We follow a bottom-up approach, discussing solutions to Einstein gravity that are closely related to familiar black holes in AdS. In order to reproduce the correct dependence of a conformal correlation function on the location of operator insertions, we must introduce a novel Gibbons-Hawking-York boundary term associated with the stretched horizon of each black hole. We discuss the bulk dual of two point functions in CFT’s living in arbitrary dimensions. Specializing to AdS3 allows us to discuss higher point functions, where we find that the dual geometries are sometimes multi-boundary wormholes, whose holographic interpretation has been the focus of much recent activity.