Minimum length scenarios that maintain continuous symmetries


Pye, J. (2019). Minimum length scenarios that maintain continuous symmetries. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/19110054


Pye, Jason. Minimum length scenarios that maintain continuous symmetries. Perimeter Institute, Nov. 07, 2019, https://pirsa.org/19110054


          @misc{ pirsa_19110054,
            doi = {10.48660/19110054},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/19110054},
            author = {Pye, Jason},
            keywords = {Quantum Gravity},
            language = {en},
            title = {Minimum length scenarios that maintain continuous symmetries},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2019},
            month = {nov},
            note = {PIRSA:19110054 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}

Jason Pye University of Waterloo

Talk Type Scientific Series


It has long been argued that combining the uncertainty principle with gravity will lead to an effective minimum length at the Planck scale. A particular challenge is to model the presence of a smallest length scale in a manner which respects continuous spacetime symmetries. One path for deriving low-energy descriptions of an invariant minimum length in quantum field theory is based on generalized uncertainty principles. Here I will consider the question how this approach enables one to retain Euclidean or even Lorentzian symmetries. The Euclidean case yields a ultraviolet cutoff in the form of a bandlimit, and this then allows one to apply the powerful Shannon sampling theorem of classical information theory which establishes the equivalence between continuous and discrete representations of information. As a consequence, one obtains discrete representations of fields which are more subtle than a simple discretization of space, and are in fact equivalent to a continuum representation. Quantum fields in this model exhibit a finite density of information and a corresponding regularization of the entanglement of the vacuum, as I will demonstrate in detail. We then examine the Lorentzian symmetry generalization. This case leads to a Lorentz-invariant analogue of bandlimitation, and we discuss the nature of the corresponding sampling theory.