PIRSA:22010073

Entropy decay for Davies semigroups of a one dimensional quantum lattice

APA

Capel, A. (2022). Entropy decay for Davies semigroups of a one dimensional quantum lattice. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/22010073

MLA

Capel, Angela. Entropy decay for Davies semigroups of a one dimensional quantum lattice. Perimeter Institute, Jan. 26, 2022, https://pirsa.org/22010073

BibTex

          @misc{ pirsa_22010073,
            doi = {},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/22010073},
            author = {Capel, Angela},
            keywords = {Quantum Information},
            language = {en},
            title = {Entropy decay for Davies semigroups of a one dimensional quantum lattice},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2022},
            month = {jan},
            note = {PIRSA:22010073 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}
          }
          

Abstract

The mixing time of Markovian dissipative evolutions of open quantum many-body systems can be bounded using optimal constants of certain quantum functional inequalities, such as the logarithmic Sobolev constant, which is equivalent to some form of entropy decay. For classical spin systems, the positivity of such constants follows from a mixing condition on the Gibbs measure, via quasi-factorization results for the entropy. Inspired by the classical case, we present a strategy to derive the positivity of the logarithmic Sobolev constant associated to the dynamics of certain quantum systems from some clustering conditions on the Gibbs state of a local, commuting Hamiltonian. Subsequently, we apply it to show that for a finite-range, translation-invariant commuting Hamiltonian on a spin chain, the Davies semigroup describing the reduced dynamics resulting from the joint Hamiltonian evolution of a spin chain weakly coupled to a large heat bath thermalizes rapidly at any temperature. This, in particular, rigorously establishes the absence of dissipative phase transition for Davies evolutions over translation-invariant spin chains.