# Non-locality in Quantum Gravity

### APA

Buoninfante, L. (2022). Non-locality in Quantum Gravity. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/22120046

### MLA

Buoninfante, Luca. Non-locality in Quantum Gravity. Perimeter Institute, Dec. 08, 2022, https://pirsa.org/22120046

### BibTex

@misc{ pirsa_22120046, doi = {10.48660/22120046}, url = {https://pirsa.org/22120046}, author = {Buoninfante, Luca}, keywords = {Quantum Gravity}, language = {en}, title = {Non-locality in Quantum Gravity}, publisher = {Perimeter Institute}, year = {2022}, month = {dec}, note = {PIRSA:22120046 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}} }

Luca Buoninfante Nordita - Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics

## Abstract

A natural way to extend Einstein's General Relativity to the high-energy regime is to introduce quadratic curvature operators, which give rise to a renormalizable gravitational Lagrangian in four dimensions. However, this theory turns out to be pathological due to an additional massive spin-2 ghost that causes classical instabilities and breaks perturbative unitarity at the quantum level. In this talk, we investigate which principles of QFT are usually affected when higher-order derivative operators are present in a Lagrangian, and show that one possibility to avoid ghosts is giving up locality. In fact, the emergence of non-local physics at short distances and high energies is a common prediction for various quantum gravity approaches. We propose a model-independent approach to constrain the non-local Lagrangian in quantum gravity, thus providing a novel scenario in which different quantum gravity programs can be fruitfully contrasted in terms of foundational concepts and computational methods.

Zoom link: https://pitp.zoom.us/j/96167652193?pwd=OWFDV1JXVGxLdE1qMHo4N3ZKcDByQT09