Learning to predict arbitrary quantum processes


Huang, H. (2023). Learning to predict arbitrary quantum processes. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/23020031


Huang, Hsin-Yuan. Learning to predict arbitrary quantum processes. Perimeter Institute, Feb. 02, 2023, https://pirsa.org/23020031


          @misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:23020031,
            doi = {10.48660/23020031},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/23020031},
            author = {Huang, Hsin-Yuan},
            keywords = {Quantum Information},
            language = {en},
            title = {Learning to predict arbitrary quantum processes},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2023},
            month = {feb},
            note = {PIRSA:23020031 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}

Hsin-Yuan Huang California Institute of Technology (Caltech)


We present an efficient machine learning (ML) algorithm for predicting any unknown quantum process over n qubits. For a wide range of distributions D on arbitrary n-qubit states, we show that this ML algorithm can learn to predict any local property of the output from the unknown process, with a small average error over input states drawn from D. The ML algorithm is computationally efficient even when the unknown process is a quantum circuit with exponentially many gates. Our algorithm combines efficient procedures for learning properties of an unknown state and for learning a low-degree approximation to an unknown observable. The analysis hinges on proving new norm inequalities, including a quantum analogue of the classical Bohnenblust-Hille inequality, which we derive by giving an improved algorithm for optimizing local Hamiltonians. Overall, our results highlight the potential for ML models to predict the output of complex quantum dynamics much faster than the time needed to run the process itself.

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