What exactly does Bekenstein Bound?


Wang, J. (2023). What exactly does Bekenstein Bound?. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/23100090


Wang, Jinzhao. What exactly does Bekenstein Bound?. Perimeter Institute, Oct. 11, 2023, https://pirsa.org/23100090


          @misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:23100090,
            doi = {10.48660/23100090},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/23100090},
            author = {Wang, Jinzhao},
            keywords = {Quantum Information},
            language = {en},
            title = {What exactly does Bekenstein Bound?},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute},
            year = {2023},
            month = {oct},
            note = {PIRSA:23100090 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}}

Jinzhao Wang ETH Zurich


The Bekenstein bound posits a maximum entropy for matter with finite energy confined to a spacetime region. It is often interpreted as a fundamental limit on the information that can be stored by physical objects. In this work, we test this interpretation by asking whether the Bekenstein bound imposes constraints on a channel's communication capacity, a context in which information can be given a mathematically rigorous and operationally meaningful definition. We first derive a bound on the accessible information and demonstrate that the Bekenstein bound constrains the decoding instead of the encoding. Then we study specifically the Unruh channel that describes a stationary Alice exciting different species of free scalar fields to send information to an accelerating Bob, who is therefore confined to a Rindler wedge and exposed to the noise of Unruh radiation. We show that the classical and quantum capacities of the Unruh channel obey the Bekenstein bound. In contrast, the entanglement-assisted capacity is as large as the input size even at arbitrarily high Unruh temperatures. This reflects that the Bekenstein bound can be violated if we do not properly constrain the decoding operation in accordance with the bound. We further find that the Unruh channel can transmit a significant number of zero-bits, which are communication resources that can be used as minimal substitutes for the classical/quantum bits needed for many primitive information processing protocols, such as dense coding and teleportation. We show that the Unruh channel has a large zero-bit capacity even at high temperatures, which underpins the capacity boost with entanglement assistance and allows Alice and Bob to perform quantum identification. Therefore, unlike classical bits and qubits, zero-bits and their associated information processing capability are not constrained by the Bekenstein bound. (This talk is based on the recent work (https://arxiv.org/abs/2309.07436) with Patrick Hayden.)


Zoom link: https://pitp.zoom.us/j/98778081764?pwd=WktjNU84R3NWRXNyVmt1eDVMK2JnUT09