# Estimating Quantum Gravity Corrections Near Black Holes

### APA

Freivogel, B. (2024). Estimating Quantum Gravity Corrections Near Black Holes. Perimeter Institute. https://pirsa.org/24100109

### MLA

Freivogel, Ben. Estimating Quantum Gravity Corrections Near Black Holes. Perimeter Institute, Oct. 10, 2024, https://pirsa.org/24100109

### BibTex

@misc{ pirsa_PIRSA:24100109, doi = {10.48660/24100109}, url = {https://pirsa.org/24100109}, author = {Freivogel, Ben}, keywords = {Quantum Gravity}, language = {en}, title = {Estimating Quantum Gravity Corrections Near Black Holes}, publisher = {Perimeter Institute}, year = {2024}, month = {oct}, note = {PIRSA:24100109 see, \url{https://pirsa.org}} }

**Collection**

**Subject**

We analyze the size of quantum gravity effects near black hole horizons. By considering black holes in asymptotically AdS spacetime, we can make use of the "quantum deviation" to estimate the size of quantum gravity corrections to the semiclassical analysis. We find that, in a typical pure state, corrections to correlation functions are typically of order exp(-S/2). Both the magnitude and time dependence of the correlator differ from previous results related to the spectral form factor, which estimated the correlator in a thermal state. Our results severely constrain proposals, such as non-violent unitarization and some versions of fuzzballs, that predict significant corrections to the semiclassical computation of correlation functions near black holes. We point out one possible loophole: our results rely on the standard result that bulk reconstruction is state independent for small perturbations outside the black hole.