Collection Number S001
Collection Type Series
This series covers all areas of research at Perimeter Institute, as well as those outside of PI's scope.

Choreographing Quantum Spin Dynamics with Light

Monika Schleier-Smith Stanford University

The power of quantum information lies in its capacity to be non-local, encoded in correlations among entangled particles.  Yet our ability to produce, understand, and exploit such correlations is hampered by the fact that the interactions between particles are ordinarily local.  I will report on experiments in which we use light to engineer non-local interactions among cold atoms, with photons acting as messengers conveying information between them.  We program the spin-spin couplings in an array of atomic ensembles by tailoring the frequency spectrum of an optical control field.  We harnes

How to represent part-whole hierarchies in a neural net

Geoffrey Hinton University of Toronto

I will present a single idea about representation which allows several recent advances in neural networks  to be combined into an imaginary system called GLOM.  GLOM answers the question: How can a neural network with a fixed architecture parse an image into a part-whole hierarchy which has a different structure for each image? The idea is simply to use islands of identical vectors to represent the nodes in the parse tree.

Magnetism, Skyrmions and Superconductivity in Moiré Lattices

Ashvin Vishwanath Harvard University

The remarkable properties of electrons moving through crystalline lattices continue to surprise us. Recently, electrons in artificial moiré lattices have emerged as an extraordinary new platform. The simplest such moiré material consists of a pair of graphene sheets twisted relative to one another. At a  "magic" angle of about 1 degree, a variety of phenomena, including strong-coupling superconductivity, is observed. In this talk, I will review this rapidly moving field and describe our theoretical ideas that invoke the geometry of quantum states and topological textures like skyrmions.

Error Correction and Fault Tolerance for Quantum Computers

Peter Shor Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Mathematics

Quantum computers need to manipulate quantum states, and the only ways we know of doing this are inherently noisy. Thus, if we are ever to be able to do long computations on quantum computers, we need to make them fault tolerant. The way we know how to do this currently is to use quantum error correcting codes. We will introduce error correcting codes and explain how they can be used to provide fault tolerance for quantum computers.

Exploring new scientific frontiers with programmable atom arrays

Mikhail Lukin Harvard University

We will discuss the recent advances involving programmable, coherent manipulation of quantum many-body systems using atom arrays excited into Rydberg states. Specifically, we will describe our recent technical upgrades that now allow the control over 200 atoms in two-dimensional arrays. Recent results involving the realization  of exotic phases of matter, study of quantum phase transitions and  exploration of  their non-equilibrium dynamics will be presented.

How can statistical mechanics help ecology?

Ricardo Garcia ICTP- SAIFR International Centre for Theoretical Physics - South American Institute for Fundamental Research

Statistical mechanics is the branch of physics that explains how macroscopic properties of matter emerge from the behavior of its microscopic constituents. Population ecology studies how and why populations change over time and space, primarily due to the interaction among individuals and between individuals and the environment where they thrive. Although seemingly very different, both disciplines aim to explain large-scale phenomena based on a description of their underlying drivers, and statistical mechanics tools have been largely used to formalize population ecology.

Sphere packings, universal optimality, and Fourier interpolation

Maryna Viazovska L'Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)

In this lecture we will show that the E8 and Leech lattices minimize energy of every potential function that is a completely monotonic function of squared distance (for example, inverse power laws or Gaussians). This theorem implies recently proven optimality of E8 and Leech lattices as sphere packings and broadly generalizes it to long-range interactions. The key ingredient of the proof is sharp linear programming bounds. To construct the optimal auxiliary functions attaining these bounds, we prove a new interpolation theorem.

The dynamics of diversity

Lee Smolin Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

I describe recent progress on a program of research aimed at finding a simultaneous completion of quantum mechanics and general relativity, while also addressing the question of how the universe chose its effective laws out of a vast landscape of possible laws.    This is based on a few principles:   time in the sense of causation is fundamental, as are events, and the views  of events (their backward celestial spheres.) Further the view of every event must be distinct from that of every other.  This is enforced by a choice for potential energy that maximizes the diversity of views of event

The magic of moiré quantum matter

Pablo Jarillo-Herrero Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Center for Extreme Quantum Information Theory (xQIT)

The understanding of strongly-correlated quantum matter has challenged physicists for decades. The discovery three years ago of correlated phases and superconductivity in magic angle twisted bilayer graphene led to the emergence of a new materials platform to investigate strongly correlated physics, namely moiré quantum matter. These systems exhibit a plethora of quantum phases, such as correlated insulators, superconductivity, magnetism, Chern insulators, and more.

On the Interplay Between General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Roger Penrose University of Oxford

There has been much theorizing on the question of how the procedures of quantum theory might modify general relativity, perhaps leading to a resolution of the problem of the space-time singularities of gravitational collapse. However, I shall argue that these procedures cannot, alone, resolve the space-time singularity issue.