It was conjectured that the N=4 Yang-Mills perturbation theory in the sector with large R charges corresponds to considering the classical string worldsheets in $AdS_5imes S^5$ as perturbations of the null-surfaces. We discuss this perturbation theory with a special emphasis on a hidden symmetry.
We will see how generalized Calabi-Yau manifolds as defined by Hitchin emerge from supersymmetry equations in type II theories. In the first lecture, we will review the formalism of G-structures, which is central in the context of compactification with fluxes. In the second lecture we will see how (twisted) generalized Calabi-Yau manifolds emerge from supersymmetry equations using SU(3) structure. In the last lecture, we will discuss special features about compactifications on Generalized Calabi-Yau's.
We discuss collective coordinate quantization of the half-BPS geometries of Lin, Lunin and Maldacena (hep-th/0409174). The LLM geometries are parameterized by a single function u on a plane. We treat this function as a collective coordinate. We arrive at the collective coordinate action as well as path integral measure by considering D3 branes in an arbitrary LLM geometry. The resulting functional integral is shown, using known methods (hep-th/9309028), to be the classical limit of a functional integral for free fermions in a harmonic oscillator. The function u gets identified with the classical limit of the Wigner phase space distribution of the fermion theory which satisfies u * u = u. The calculation shows how configuration space of supergravity becomes a phase space (hence noncommutative) in the half-BPS sector. Our method sheds some new light on counting supersymmetric configurations in supergravity.
In these lectures, we examine how twisted generalized Calabi-Yau (GCY) manifolds arise in the construction of a general class of topological sigma models with non-trivial three-form flux. The topological sigma model defined on a twisted GCY can be regarded as a simultaneous generalization of the more familiar A-model and B-model. Emphasis will be given to the relation between topological observables of the sigma model and a Lie algebroid cohomology intrinsically associated with the twisted GCY. If time permits, we shall also discuss topological D-branes in this more general setting, and explain how the viewpoint from the Lie algebroid helps to elucidate certain subtleties even for the conventional A-branes and B-branes. The lectures will be physically motivated, although I will try to make the presentation self-contained for both mathematicians and physicists.