The modern point of view is that the global symmetries of a quantum field theory are described by topological defects/operators of the theory. In general such symmetries are non-invertible, i.e. the associated topological defects do not admit an inverse under fusion. I will describe a general construction of such non-invertible topological defects by coupling lower-dimensional topological quantum field theories (TQFTs) to discrete gauge fields living in a higher-dimensional bulk. The associated symmetries would be referred to as theta symmetries, as this construction can be understood as a generalization of the notion of theta angle. Mathematically, this construction is connected to interesting fusion higher-categories like those formed by higher-representations of groups and higher-groups. I will briefly explain this mathematical connection. I will also describe how the study of theta symmetries includes within it, as a special case, the study of topological phases of matter pursued in condensed matter physics. Towards the end of the talk, I will discuss some works in progress regarding possible physical applications of non-invertible symmetries. Based on ArXiv: 2212.06159, 2208.05973.
Recent advances in programmable quantum devices brought to the fore the intriguing possibility of using them to realize and investigate topological quantum spin liquids (QSLs) phase. This new and exciting direction brings about important research questions on how to probe and determine the presence of such exotic, highly entangled phases. In this talk, I will discuss how to construct Z2 QSLs states as the ground state of a static Hamiltonian with only local two-qubit interactions and a transverse field, and demonstrate its realization in the classical limit at the endpoint of quantum annealing protocol, using D-Wave DW-2000Q machine . I will also demonstrate how to probe signatures of Z2 QSLs fractional statistics in quantum simulators via quasiparticle interferometry. At the end, I will show the robustness of this probe against disorders and dephasing -- effects that are generally pervasive in quantum devices nowadays.
Quantum algorithms have been found which are able to solve important problems exponentially faster than any known classical algorithm. The most well known example is Shor's algorithm which would be able to break all RSA encryption if fault tolerant quantum computers existed for it to be run on. It is currently not believed that quantum computers will be able to efficiently solve NP-Complete problems, but the answer is still unknown. I present a novel quantum algorithm which is able to solve 3-SAT along with numerical simulations to see how it performs on small instances, but new methods of analyzing the complexity of quantum algorithms will need to be developed before we can say exactly how it performs. This will be the goal of my PSI essay.
We describe a geometric framework to study Newton's equations on infinite-dimensional configuration spaces of diffeomorphisms and smooth probability densities. It turns out that several important PDEs of hydrodynamical origin can be described in this framework in a natural way. In particular, the so-called Madelung transform between the Schrödinger-type equations on wave functions and Newton's equations on densities turns out to be a Kähler map between the corresponding phase spaces, equipped with the Fubini-Study and Fisher Rao information metrics. This is a joint work with G.Misiolek and K.Modin.