Collection Number S003
Collection Type Series
This series consists of talks in the area of Quantum Fields and Strings.

Quantum error correction and large N

Alexey Milekhin University of California

In recent years quantum error correction(QEC) has become an important part of AdS/CFT. Unfortunately, there are no field-theoretic arguments about why QEC holds in known holographic systems. The purpose of this paper is to fill this gap by studying the error-correcting properties of the fermionic sector of various large N theories. Specifically, we examine SU(N) matrix quantum mechanics and 3-rank tensor O(N)^3 theories. Both of these theories contain large gauge groups. We argue that gauge singlet states indeed form a quantum error-correcting code.

The quantum sine-Gordon model with quantum circuits

Ananda Roy Technische Universität München (TUM)

Analog quantum simulation has the potential to be an indispensable technique in the investigation of complex quantum systems. In this work, we numerically investigate a one-dimensional, faithful, analog, quantum electronic circuit simulator built out of Josephson junctions for one of the paradigmatic models of an integrable quantum field theory: the quantum sine-Gordon (qSG) model in 1+1 space-time dimensions. We analyze the lattice model using the density matrix renormalization group technique and benchmark our numerical results with existing Bethe ansatz computations.

Positive Moments for Scattering Amplitudes

Francesco Riva University of Geneva (UNIGE) - Department of Theoretical Physics

I will discuss the conditions satisfied by the 2 → 2 scattering amplitude in unitarity and causal theories, presenting a simple formulation in term of moments of a positive measure. I will identify complete subsets of two-sided constraints, suitable to bound Effective Field Theories (EFTs) at any finite order in the energy expansion. I will also discuss  the importance of IR loop effects on these bounds. A consequence of this study is that EFTs in which the scattering amplitude in some regime grows in energy faster than E6 (e.g.

Correlators in integrable models with Separation of Variables

Nikolay Gromov King's College London - Department of Mathematics

I will review recent progress in application of separation of variables method.

In particular I will review the construction for the integrable spin chains with gl(N) symmetry. 

By finding, for the first time, the matrix elements of the SoV measure explicitly I will show how to compute various correlation functions and wave function overlaps in a simple determinant form. 

General philosophy of application of these methods to the problems related to AdS/CFT, N=4 SYM etc. will be discussed too. 


The black hole spectrum in supergravity

G. Joaquin Turiaci University of California

The talk will focus on the spectrum of near-extremal black holes in gravity and near-BPS black holes in supergravity. For concreteness, we will study cases in asymptotically four-dimensional flat space and three-dimensional Anti-de Sitter. This will be done by analyzing quantum effects near the horizon captured by an emergent Jackiw-Teitelboim mode at low temperatures. This will allow us to systematically study questions such as the extremal degeneracy and the size of the gap in the black hole spectrum, which can be compared to some string theory constructions.

Peierls bracket and gravitational dressing in Jackiw-Teitelboim gravity

Ji-Qiang Wu University of California

How to deal with diffeomorphism symmetries is one of the difficult problems in general relativity. Because of the diffeomorphism symmetries, we need to consider diffeomorphism invariant operators and gravitational dressing. In this work, we consider a special gravitational dressing which is to locate the operator by shooting geodesic from the spatial boundary. We try to use Peierls bracket to study the commutator between this gravitational dressing operator and the ADM energy operator.

Universal thermal transport in TTbar-deformed conformal field theories

Takato Yoshimura Tokyo Institute of Technology

In this talk I will discuss the universal properties of thermal transport in conformal field theories that are perturbed by a TTbar operator. TTbar-deformation is known to be an exactly solvable deformation in that the spectrum of the undeformed theory alone suffices to predict that of the deformed theory. Unique properties of TTbar deformation allow us to study the TTbar-deformed CFTs using two disparate methods: integrability and holography. I will apply these two approaches to study the non-equilibrium steady states and Drude weights, finding perfect agreement.

Generalized entropy in topological string theory

Gabriel Wong Fudan University - Physics Department

The Ryu Takayanagi formula identifies the area of  extremal surfaces in AdS with the entanglement entropy of the boundary CFT. However the bulk microstate interpretation of the extremal area remains mysterious. Progress along this direction requires understanding how to define entanglement entropy in the bulk closed string theory. As a toy model for AdS/CFT, we study the entanglement entropy of closed strings in the topological A model in the context of Gopakumar Vafa duality.

2D Holography beyond JT

Hamid Reza Afshar Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM)

Dilaton-gravity models are integrable in two dimensions and admit a holographic description. In this talk, the holographic description of the Dilaton-gravity in flat spacetime is discussed. Using the gauge theory formulation of the model we obtain the boundary action which under certain boundary conditions is of the Warped-Schwarzian type. We calculate the 1-loop partition function of the model as the coadjoint orbit of the warped Virasoro group.

Testing Gauge Gravity duality with Matrix models

Denjoe O'Connor Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies

I will review the numerical approach to testing gauge/gravity duality using matrix models. This will lead to a summary of recent results from the BFSS, BMN and Berkooz-Douglas matrix models and a strong non-perturbative test of gauge/gravity duality.