Collection Number S003
Collection Type Series
This series consists of talks in the area of Quantum Fields and Strings.

Firewall vs. Scrambling (Part 1)

Beni Yoshida Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

Recently I pointed out that reconstruction of interior operators can be interpreted as the Hayden-Preskill recovery. Building on this observation, I will propose a resolution of the firewall puzzle by describing a state-independent reconstruction of interior operators which does not lead to the non-local signaling. 

Further connections between gravitational thermodynamics and quantum information

Clifford Johnson University of Southern California

We show how the extended thermodynamics of hyperbolic black holes in AdS describes features of quantum information measures in quantum field theory, and discuss prospects for making further connections. In particular, the second law of thermodynamics is seen in this context to map to the generalized Zamolodchikov c-theorem, connecting these two firmly for the first time. Some projects for getting further lessons and perhaps new tools from  these connections (perhaps using holographic heat engines) are outlined. 

A Bestiary of Feynman Integral Calabi-Yaus

Matt von Hippel Københavns VUC

While the simplest Feynman diagrams evaluate to multiple polylogarithms, more complicated functions can arise, involving integrals over higher-dimensional manifolds. Surprisingly, all examples of such manifolds in the literature to date are Calabi-Yau. I discuss why this is, and prove that a specific class of "marginal" diagrams give rise to Calabi-Yau manifolds. I demonstrate a bound on the dimensionality of these manifolds with loop order, and present infinite families of diagrams that saturate this bound to all orders.

Dai-Freed Anomalies in Particle Physics

Miguel Montero Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Anomaly cancellation conditions place strong constraints on many physical theories. In the traditional framework, local and global anomalies are detected by computing an eta invariant of a certain Dirac operator on a mapping torus. Recent research has uncovered the existence of finer anomaly cancellation conditions, not visible in these traditional settings. I will review the traditional and refined anomalies, and apply them to various symmetries of interest in particle physics.

Quantum Epidemiology: Operator Growth, Thermal Effects, and SYK

Alexandre Streicher Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) - School of Natural Sciences (SNS)

In many-body chaotic systems, the size of an operator generically grows in Heisenberg evolution, which can be measured by certain out-of-time-ordered four-point functions. However, these only provide a coarse probe of the full underlying operator growth structure. We develop a methodology to derive the full growth structure of fermionic systems, that also naturally introduces the effect of finite temperature. We then apply our methodology to the SYK model, which features all-to-all q-body interactions. We derive the full operator growth structure in the large q limit at all temperatures.

Superselection Sectors of Gravitational Subregions

Joan Camps University of Cambridge

Motivated by the problem of defining the entanglement entropy of the graviton, we study the division of the phase space of general relativity across subregions. Our key requirement is demanding that the separation into subregions is imaginary---i.e., that entangling surfaces are not physical. This translates into a certain condition on the symplectic form. We find that gravitational subregions that satisfy this condition are bounded by surfaces of extremal area.

Low energy challenges for high energy physicists: the vibrational modes of soft matter

Matteo Baggioli Instituto de Física Teórica (IFT), Unidade Complementar da UNESP

I will discuss how holographic and effective field theory methods could shed light on important open questions in low energy condensed matter systems. I will focus on the study of the vibrational degrees of freedom, i.e. ''phonons'', in liquids, solids and disordered systems like glasses. Building intuition from the holographic systems I will tackle the problem of the low frequency elastic response in liquids and the universal emergence of the boson peak in ordered crystals and amorphous solids.

Anomalies, 2-groups, 6d susy

Kenneth Intriligator University of California

Part 1 is about anomalies and how they can deform generalized global symmetry into 2-group global symmetry.  This is illustrated with simple QFT examples in 4d.  Part 2 is about 6d.

6d theories with 2-group symmetry exist, but cannot be conformal.  6d superconformal theories (SCFTs) cannot have 2-group or higher-form, generalized global symmetries.  This requires cancellation of mixed gauge and global terms in the anomaly polynomial.   SCFT relations between conformal and ’t Hooft anomalies will also be discussed.   Based on papers with Cordova and Dumitrescu.

Geometry from Entanglement in Double Trace States

Eric Mintun University of British Columbia (UBC)

Bulk coherent states produced by Euclidean CFT sources can be used to study how geometry arises from entanglement: when these states obey the Ryu-Takayanagi formula, the linearized Einstein equations hold in the bulk without assuming the complete AdS/CFT correspondence.  However, the Faulkner-Lewkowycz-Maldacena bulk entanglement term that corrects the RT formula does not play a role in these previous studies, since to leading order coherent states have the same entanglement entropy as the vacuum.  We study states CFT states created by Euclidean, bilocal, double trace sources, which produce