Collection Number S005
Collection Type Series
This series consists of talks in the area of Quantum Gravity.

Fuzzball Shadows: Emergent Horizons from Microstructure

Daniel Mayerson CEA Paris-Saclay

The advent of black hole imaging has opened a new window into probing the horizon scale of black holes. An important question is whether string theory results for black hole physics can predict interesting and observable features that current and future experiments can probe.

Super Cartan geometry, loop quantum supergravity and applications

Konstantin Eder Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

This talk is devoted to the geometric approach to supergravity and applications in the framework of loop quantum gravity. Among other things, this approach leads to a reformulation of the theory in which (part of) supersymmetry manifests itself in terms of a gauge symmetry. Using the interpretation of supergravity in terms of a super Cartan geometry, we will derive the Holst variant of the MacDowell-Mansouri action for N=1 and N=2 AdS supergravity in D=4 for arbitrary Barbero-Immirzi parameters.

Black Hole interior: Symmetries and regularization

Francesco Sartini École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS Lyon)

The spacetime in the interior of a black hole can be described by an homogeneous line element, for which the Einstein–Hilbert action reduces to a one-dimensional mechanical model. We have shown that this model exhibits a symmetry under the (2+1)-dimensional Poincaré group. The existence of this symmetry provides a powerful criterion to discriminate between different regularization and quantization schemes. It also unravels new aspects of symmetry for black holes, and opens the way towards a rigorous group quantization of the interior.

q- deformed LQG with a cosmological constant

Qiaoyin Pan Nankai University

The inclusion of the cosmological constant is one of the main questions faced by quantum gravity. In three dimensions, non-perturbative approaches to quantum gravity including loop quantum gravity (LQG),  combinatorial quantization and  spinfoam path integrals encode the cosmological constant as a deformation parameter in a quantum group structure. In this talk, I will focus on the LQG approach: I will explain the Poisson-Lie structure of the classical phase space and how its quantization naturally leads to the emergence of quantum groups.

Quantum gravity Vs unimodular quantum gravity

Antonio Pereira Fluminense Federal University

Strong gravity tests indicate that general relativity is a very accurate description of the classical dynamics of spacetime even at extreme regimes. Yet, the same dynamics can be described by "alternative" versions of general relativity such as unimodular gravity. In the quest for a quantum theory of the gravitational field, it is unclear if the quantization of such classically equivalent theories leads to the same physical predictions. In this talk, I will report on some recent results regarding this issue in the framework of continuum and perturbative quantum field theory.

The effective action of superrotation modes

Jakob Salzer Harvard University

Asymptotically flat spacetimes are invariant under an infinite-dimensional symmetry group comprised of superrotations and supertranslations. These symmetries are spontaneously broken, leading to an infinite degeneracy of gravitational vacua in asymptotically flat spacetimes. Starting from an analysis of four-dimensional asymptotically flat gravity in first order formulation, I will describe how superrotation parametrization modes labelling distinct superrotation vacua are governed by an Alekseev–Shatashvili action on the celestial sphere.

Emergent cosmology from tensorial group field theories for quantum gravity

Daniele Oriti Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitiät München (LMU)

We introduce the basic elements of tensorial group field theories (TGFTs) for quantum gravity, emphasizing how they encode quantum geometry and their relation with canonical loop quantum gravity and spin foam models. Next, we discuss briefly the issue of continuum limit and how it could be understood in this framework.

Quadratic Gravity

Alberto Salvio Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa

An extension of general relativity (GR) obtained by adding local quadratic terms to the action will be considered. Such theory can be a viable UV completion of GR. The additional terms soften gravity above a certain energy scale and render gravity renormalizable. The presence of 4 derivatives implies via the Ostrogradsky theorem that the classical Hamiltonian is unbounded from below.

Evolving quantum state for black holes

Steve Giddings University of California

A fundamental problem of quantum gravity is to understand the quantum evolution of black holes.  While aspects of their evolution are understood asymptotically, a more detailed description of their evolving wavefunction can be provided.  This gives a possible foundation for studying effects that unitarize this evolution, which in turn may provide important clues regarding the quantum nature of gravity.

 

Nonlocal cosmological models from infrared quantum gravity effects

Enis Belgacem Utrecht University

The issue of whether quantum effects can affect gravity at cosmological distances still lacks a fundamental understanding, but there are indications of a non-trivial gravitational infrared dynamics. This possibility is appealing for building alternatives to the standard cosmological model and explaining the accelerated expansion of the Universe. In this talk I will discuss some large scale modifications of general relativity due to nonlocal terms, which are assumed to arise at the level of quantum effective action.